The art of making handmade rugs dates back millennia. Cultures around the world have been weaving intricate textiles and flatweaves before developing knotted pile rugs. As the intricacy of these woven textiles increased, it is thought the concept of making a textile comprised of individual knots was created. A rug comprised of non-interconnected knots tied on a loom would allow for a pile to provide insulation and infinite complexity in designs. In the sixteenth century merchants from the west discovered the orient what is today all of Asia and the Middle East, east of Istanbul and trade between the various cultures created a market for hand knotted rugs. Fragments, and even whole rugs, can be found dating back to this time, but the art behind these rugs dates back even further.
Perfect for large homes and cozy apartments alike, rugs serve as both fundamental pieces and focal points of any space. Large area rugs create a canvas for the entire room, while smaller rugs draw the eye to specific areas. In a large room, perfectly placed area rugs can help define the space, creating smaller sitting areas within the room. Bare hardwood floors can always benefit from the addition of a warm, plush rug, but carpeted rooms can also benefit from rugs, which add contrasting textures and patterns.
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Anatolian rug is a term of convenience, commonly used today to denote rugs and carpets woven in Anatolia or Asia minor and its adjacent regions. Geographically, its area of production can be compared to the territories which were historically dominated by the Ottoman Empire. It denotes a knotted, pile-woven floor or wall covering which is produced for home use, local sale, and export.
Together with the flat-woven kilim , Anatolian rugs represent an essential part of the regional culture, which is officially understood as the Culture of Turkey today,  and derives from the ethnic, religious and cultural pluralism of one of the most ancient centres of human civilisation. Rug weaving represents a traditional craft dating back to prehistoric times. Rugs were woven much earlier than even the oldest surviving rugs like the Pazyryk rug would suggest.
During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has absorbed and integrated different cultural traditions. Traces of Byzantine design can be observed in Anatolian rugs; Turkic peoples migrating from Central Asia, as well as Armenian people, Caucasian and Kurdic tribes either living in, or migrating to Anatolia at different times in history contributed their traditional motifs and ornaments.
The arrival of Islam and the development of the Islamic art has profoundly influenced the Anatolian rug design. Its ornaments and patterns thus reflect the political history and social diversity of the area. However, scientific research was unable, as yet, to attribute any particular design feature to any specific ethnic or regional tradition, or even to differentiate between nomadic and village design patterns.
Within the group of oriental carpets , the Anatolian rug is distinguished by particular characteristics of its dyes and colours, motifs, textures and techniques. Examples range in size from small pillows yastik to large, room-sized carpets.
History of Rugs
Many people use the terms Persian Rug and Oriental Rug interchangeably, but this is incorrect. Oriental Rug is a broader category comprised of any hand-knotted rug made in Asia. Persian Rugs fall under the umbrella of oriental rugs, but due to their popularity, the unique knot used in their production, and their specific country of origin, they are often separated into their own category.
China has a centuries long cultural history of carpet-weaving, but only recently have its rugs been discovered by the outside world. Due to this discovery, the manufacturing process changed, allowing for faster and cheaper production, spreading chinese oriental rugs to consumers around the world.
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Specialist Louise Broadhurst advises on everything from the identification of natural dyes to finding the right setting on your vacuum cleaner. Keen Persian rug collectors included Cornelius Vanderbilt and Sigmund Freud, who kept a rug draped over the couch on which his clients would sit. Antique Oriental rugs were woven on a traditional loom with strands of cotton, silk or wool, called warps, stretched vertically between two wooden horizontal beams.
The weaver then passed rows of silk, cotton or wool, called wefts, in alternation over and under each adjacent warp. The warp and the weft constitute the basic foundation of most carpets. The higher the number of knots the finer the rug will be, and the more intricate the pattern will become. This technique proved so effective that carpets are made using these same methods today. Most carpets and rugs are classified by the surroundings in which they were woven — whether hand-woven upon the small loom of a nomadic tribe, part of a cottage industry within a local village, or produced in a professional or royal workshop within a city.
While there was no limit to the length a carpet could be, the width of these rugs could never exceed eight feet around cm , the standard size of the loom. A Yomut main carpet, west Turkmenistan, second half 18th century. This strategy meant that each of the carpets contained small idiosyncrasies, both in their construction and pattern — a factor which only adds to their charm. Upon completion, carpets were taken to the nearest regional market, where they would carry the name of that village.
Here, they would either be sold to locals, or handled by a merchant for export. A Kazak rug, south Caucasus, mid 19th century.
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Thanks, Anas, Steve. Now then: In this rug, the dyes are all natural, and slightly stronger than my present screen suggests, and with one exception: The date and inscription are knotted in what appears to be an early synthetic dye, with an orangy tinge. Clearly, without the date, I would never have dated this rug to before , i. I would have said a typical 5th quarter example, boring sedentary production repeat design. Dating “Baluch” rugs from anything other than one’s own opinion is difficult.
Everything you dating antique rugs need to know about signatures in oriental rugs and Persian Carpets. Since antique rugs vary in quality, and tastes are.
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How to Identify Antique Rugs
Dating site persian Very old oriental rug. Determine the chinese texts dating back not always. Renounded for a wide. But the world’s largest pieces that are produced what is at the date using a brief history.
Dates in Oriental Rugs. Dates are sometimes woven into the end borders or fields of Oriental carpets, usually using Arabic calligraphy (find out about signatures.
One of the more intriguing and complex product categories in the insurance property claims world are Oriental rugs. These beautiful items have been with humans for an extraordinarily long time. Remarkably, it was woven using the same basic techniques passed down through the generations to the present day. And although they are much more commonplace now, many are still items of high value and often show up in insurance claims. America has its own tradition of hand-woven rugs made by Native Americans in the Southwest.
When appraising an Oriental rug, it is important to first determine the type of construction. Many people would be hard pressed to tell what type of construction their rug uses, much less details about where and when it may have been made. Regardless, these differences can make an enormous difference in appraised value.
Hand-woven rugs are made by a weaver or weavers sitting at a loom and hand-tying individual knots along the weft threads which run left to right onto vertical strings called the warp running top to bottom. They are also the most durable. The key to determining if a rug was hand-woven is to look at the row of knots in the back. While the design and colors match the front, the knots in the back of the rug will not be perfect and the rows will not be even.
In contrast, machine-made rugs are produced on computer driven looms where hundreds of spindles of fiber are mechanically woven into a mesh backing. In these rugs, the rows of knots in the back will be perfectly uniform, the edges will be straight, and if the rug has a fringe, it will have been sewn or glued on, added as a decorative element to simulate the look of a hand-woven rug.
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Specializing in Central Asian rugs, textiles and arts. Also always interested in buying nice pieces. Skip to Navigation. IstalifiCollection Specializing in Central Asian rugs, textiles and arts.
The earliest known Oriental rug, dubbed the Pazyryk carpet, was discovered in a burial site in Siberia in the s and dates to between and B.C. Rug.
Materials: cotton, wool, short haired, soft, thin – has traces of usage, has a small hairless spot, hard to see, about 2cm on the right side 55cm from the top see pictures. Dimensions without frills: 95 x Dimensions: 84 x Northeast Persia dating The carpet has a beautiful REDDISH colors – white, blacks – grey, orange Materials: cotton, thick wool, long haired Condition: good, clean, has traces of usage and wear in the middle and ends see pictures.